New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 316-325

Elena V. Andrusenko, Evgeniy V. Kabin, Alexander S. Novikov, Nadezhda A. Bokach, Galina L. Starova and Vadim Yu. Kukushkin

“Metal-mediated generation of triazapentadienate-terminated di- and trinuclear μ2-pyrazolate NiII species and control of their nuclearity”

New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 316-325
источник: http://pubs.rsc.org/

1,3,5-Triazapentadienate-terminated di- and trinuclear nickel(II) complexes featuring bridging azolate ligands, [Ni2(μ2-azolate)2(TAP)2] (TAP = H[N with combining low line][double bond, length as m-dash]C(OMe)NC(OMe)[double bond, length as m-dash][N with combining low line]H; azole = 3,5-Me2pyrazole 2, 3,5-Ph2pyrazole 3) and [Ni3(μ2-azolate)4(TAP)2] (azole = 3,5-Me2pyrazole 4, indazole 5), were obtained from systems Ni2+/NCNR2/azole systems in MeOH. The terminal TAP ligands in the [Ni2(μ2-azolate)2(TAP)2] and [Ni3(μ2-azolate)4(TAP)2] species originate from the previously unreported cascade NiII-mediated and chelation-driven reaction between cyanamides and methanol. The oligomeric species and also [Ni(TAP)2] (1) are subject to interconversions that depend on the reactants involved and the reaction conditions. The control of the nuclearity of the complexes can be achieved by changing the amount of azoles or by their protonation, alteration of the steric hindrance of the substituents in the heterocycles, and by changing the reaction temperature. Complexes 1–4 were characterized using elemental (C, H, N) analyses, 1H, 13C{1H} NMR, FTIR, HRESI-MS, TG-DTA, X-ray crystallography, and 5 was characterized using HRESI-MS and X-ray crystallography. Unconventional metallophilic contacts NiII⋯NiII were observed in dimer 3 in the solid state (the distance for Ni⋯Ni is 2.99 Å, whereas the double Bondi’s vdW radius for Ni is 3.26 Å) and the reality of these interactions was confirmed theoretically by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution (AIM method). The estimated energy for these non-covalent Ni⋯Ni interactions (ca. 4 kcal mol−1) fills the gap in the reported energies of the metal⋯metal interactions in a series comprising of NiII⋯NiII (this work), PdII⋯PdII (4.3–6.0 kcal mol−1), and PtII⋯PtII (3.9–11.7 kcal mol−1).


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