Archive for Publications

Inorg. Chem., 2018, 57, 3420-3433

A. S. Mikherdov , A. S. Novikov , M. A. Kinzhalov , V. P. Boyarskiy, G. L. Starova, A. Yu. Ivanov, V. Yu. Kukushkin

“Halides Held by Bifurcated Chalcogen-Hydrogen Bonds. Effect of µ(S,N-H)Cl Contacts on Dimerization of Cl(carbene)PdII Species ”

Inorg. Chem. , 2018, 57(6), 3420-3433


The reaction of cis-[PdCl2(CNCy)2] (1) with thiazol-2-amines (2–10) leads to the C,N-chelated diaminocarbene-like complexes [PdCl{C(N(H)4,5-R2-thiazol-2-yl)NHCy}(CNCy)] (11–14; 82–91%) in the case of 4,5-R2-thiazol-2-amines (R, R = H, H (2), Me, Me (3), −(CH2)4– (4)) and benzothiazol-2-amine (5) or gives the diaminocarbene species cis-[PdCl2{C(N(H)Cy)N(H)4-R-thiazol-2-yl}(CNCy)] (15–19; 73–93%) for the reaction with 4-aryl-substituted thiazol-2-amines (R = Ph (6), 4-MeC6H4 (7), 4-FC6H4 (8), 4-ClC6H4 (9), 3,4-F2C6H3 (10)). Inspection of the single-crystal X-ray diffraction data for 15–17 and 19 suggests that the structures of all these species exhibit previously unrecognized bifurcated chalcogen–hydrogen bonding μ(S,N–H)Cl and also PdII···PdII metallophilic interactions. These noncovalent interactions collectively connect two symmetrically located molecules of 15–17 and 19, resulting in their solid-state dimerization. The existence of the μ(S,N–H)Cl system and its strength (6–9 kcal/mol) were additionally verified/estimated by a Hirshfeld surface analysis and DFT calculations combined with a topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the formalism of Bader’s theory (AIM method) and NBO analysis. The observed noncovalent interactions are jointly responsible for the dimerization of 15–19 not only in the solid phase but also in CHCl3 solutions, as predicted theoretically by DFT calculations and confirmed experimentally by FTIR, HRESI-MS, 1H NMR, and diffusion coefficient NMR measurements. Available CCDC data were processed under the new moiety angle, and the observed μ(S,E–H)Cl systems were classified accordingly to E (E = N, O, C) type atoms.

Inorganica Chimica Acta, 2018, 473, 133-144

A. V.Protas, E.A.Popova, O. V.Mikolaichuk, Y. B.Porozov, A. R.Mehtiev, I. Ott, G. V. Alekseev, N. A.Kasyanenko, R. E.Trifonov

“Synthesis, DNA and BSA binding of Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes featuring tetrazolylacetic acids and their esters”

Inorganica Chimica Acta, 2018, 473, 133-144


Two series of palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes featuring esters of tetrazol-1-yl and tetrazol-5-ylacetic acids {trans-[PdCl2L2] and trans-[PtCl2L2], L  =  5-methyl-1H-tetrazol-1-ylacetic acid and its ethyl, butyl, isobutyl esters (1–5); 2-R-2H-tetrazol-5-ylacetic acid and its ethyl esters, R = tBu, CH2CH2OH (6–10)} were synthesized and their binding to calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied by means of experimental (CD, UV, viscometry, fluorometric and electrophoretic techniques) and theoretical methods. According to the spectrophotometric data, the interaction of the metal complexes with CT DNA is observed. The significant increase of melting point of CT DNA in the presence of the metal complexes (ΔTm = 8–13 °C) indicates strong stabilization of the DNA helix. Electrophoretic studies demonstrate the ability of the metal complexes to interact with pBR322 plasmid DNA and to change its mobility. According to the data of the fluorescence quenching technique, binding with constants (Kbin) of Pd(II) complexes with BSA are in the range 0.83–4.12 × 105 L M−1. The molecular docking studies show the minor groove binding behavior of tetrazole-containing palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes to DNA (ΔGbinding. −5.56 − −6.12 kcal/mol) and effective binding to BSA via the favored binding site Trp213 (ΔGbinding −7.2 − −7.56 kcal/mol). The complex trans-[PtCl2(2-tert-butyl-tetrazol-5-ylacetic acid)2] exhibited noticeable antiproliferative activity in two human cancer cell lines with IC50 values of 11.40 µM in HT-29 cells and 11.02 µM in MDA-MB-231 cell line.

Crystals, 2018, 8, 112

A. S. Mikherdov, A. S. Novikov, M. A. Kinzhalov, A. A. Zolotarev, V. P. Boyarskiy

“Intra-/Intermolecular Bifurcated Chalcogen Bonding in Crystal Structure of Thiazole/Thiadiazole Derived Binuclear (Diaminocarbene)PdII Complexes”

Crystals, 2018, 8(3), 112


The coupling of cis-[PdCl2(CNXyl)2] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) with 4-phenylthiazol-2-amine in molar ratio 2:3 at RT in CH2Cl2 leads to binuclear (diaminocarbene)PdII complex 3c. The complex was characterized by HRESI+-MS, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and its structure was elucidated by single-crystal XRD. Inspection of the XRD data for 3c and for three relevant earlier obtained thiazole/thiadiazole derived binuclear diaminocarbene complexes (3a EYOVIZ; 3b: EYOWAS; 3d: EYOVOF) suggests that the structures of all these species exhibit intra-/intermolecular bifurcated chalcogen bonding (BCB). The obtained data indicate the presence of intramolecular S•••Cl chalcogen bonds in all of the structures, whereas varying of substituent in the 4th and 5th positions of the thiazaheterocyclic fragment leads to changes of the intermolecular chalcogen bonding type, viz. S•••π in 3a,b, S•••S in 3c, and S•••O in 3d. At the same time, the change of heterocyclic system (from 1,3-thiazole to 1,3,4-thiadiazole) does not affect the pattern of non-covalent interactions. Presence of such intermolecular chalcogen bonding leads to the formation of one-dimensional (1D) polymeric chains (for 3a,b), dimeric associates (for 3c), or the fixation of an acetone molecule in the hollow between two diaminocarbene complexes (for 3d) in the solid state. The Hirshfeld surface analysis for the studied X-ray structures estimated the contributions of intermolecular chalcogen bonds in crystal packing of 3a–d: S•••π (3a: 2.4%; 3b: 2.4%), S•••S (3c: less 1%), S•••O (3d: less 1%). The additionally performed DFT calculations, followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the framework of Bader’s theory (AIM method), confirm the presence of intra-/intermolecular BCB S•••Cl/S•••S in dimer of 3c taken as a model system (solid state geometry). The AIM analysis demonstrates the presence of appropriate bond critical points for these interactions and defines their strength from 0.9 to 2.8 kcal/mol indicating their attractive nature

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018, 132-142

E.A. Krylova, M.G. Shelyapina, P. Nowak, H. Harańczyk, M. Chislov, I.A. Zvereva, A.F. Privalov, M. Becher, M. Vogel, V. Petranovskii

“Mobility of water molecules in sodium- and copper-exchanged mordenites: Thermal analysis and 1H NMR study”

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018, 265, 132-142


Comprehensive research of water behavior in Na- and Cu-mordenites with different Na/Cu ratio was done. Several steps of dehydration process were detected and analyzed, taking into account difference in chemical composition of the samples, reaction models and corresponding kinetic equations. Activation energies for these steps were calculated. It was shown that the majority of dehydration steps for all zeolite samples studied might be associated with chemical reaction mechanism corresponding to the second order kinetic model, except for the most high-temperature step for Cu-mordenite, for which the third-order model has the higher correlation coefficient. A detailed analysis of rehydration processes was studied by proton NMR spectroscopy. The obtained results allow one to distinguish different types of water and to associate them with a certain localization of water molecules in zeolite voids: the main channel for both Na and Cu-mordenites; a side pocket of Na-mordenite; molecules coordinated with Cu2+ cations in Cu-mordenite. The diffusion measurements carried out using static field gradient NMR technique proved that the water diffusion character below 300 K is essentially intracrystalline, whereas above 300 K it becomes intercrystalline. The activation energy of intercrystalline diffusion is about 28 kJ/mol and does not depend on the Na/Cu ratio. That allows us to suppose that in the studied zeolites the intercrystalline diffusion is governed by the morphology of the sample mainly.

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018, 220-228

Y.M. Zhukov, M.G. Shelyapina, I.A. Zvereva, A.Y. Efimov, V. Petranovskii

“Microwave assisted versus convention Cu2+ exchange in mordenite”

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018, 259, 220-228


Sodium mordenite was Cu2+-exchanged by conventional methods at ambient temperature (accepted as 20 °C) and with microwave radiation at 100 ± 1 °C. To increase the copper content, we repeat the exchange procedure several times. Both the degree of Cu2+ exchange and the environment of the Cu2+ ions depend on the method of exchange. Neither conventional, nor microwave methods do not destruct the topology of mordenite framework. XRD pattern of the mordenite persists, but slight elastic deformation and some dealumination of the surface layer occurs. For all the studied samples, all the copper ions are in Cu2+ state, neither Cu1+ nor Cu0 were detected. All the copper ions play the role of charge-balancing counter-cations. Their placement into the interior of zeolite causes the channel contraction due to electrostatic interactions of double charged cations with [AlO4]δ– units. The increase of copper content is accompanied by increasing of number of water molecules per unit cell. In fully hydrated samples the copper cations are effectively separated from the zeolite framework and are fully surrounded by a water ligand shell.

Org. Chem. Front., 2018, 226-231

M. S. Ledovskaya, K. S. Rodygina, V. P. Ananikov

“Calcium-mediated one-pot preparation of isoxazoles with deuterium incorporation”

Org. Chem. Front., 2018, 5, 226-231


In this work, a novel synthetic methodology for the one-pot preparation of isoxazoles directly from the reaction of calcium carbide with aldoximes is reported. Calcium carbide acts as a safe and inexpensive acetylene source and, in addition, as a source of the Ca(OH)2 base to enable the generation of nitrile oxide. Various 3-substituted isoxazoles were synthesized from the corresponding aldoximes in good yields (up to 95%) and a series of new deuterated 4,5-dideuteroisoxazoles were prepared.

Int. J. Nanomedicine, 2018, 1471-1482

M. Shevtsov, B. Nikolaev, Y. Marchenko, L. Yakovleva, N.V. Skvorzov, A. Mazur, P. Tolstoy, V. Ryzhov, G. Multhoff

“Targeting experimental orthotopic glioblastoma with chitosan-based superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (CS-DX-SPIONs)”

Int. J. Nanomedicine, 2018, 13, 1471-1482
DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S152461


Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary brain tumor of the central nervous system in adults. Magnetic nanocarriers may help not only for a targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into the tumor site but also provide contrast enhancing properties for diagnostics using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng, 2018, 491-501

M. Promzeleva, T.V. Volkova, A.N. Proshin, O.I. Siluykov, A. Mazur, P.M. Tolstoy, S.P. Ivanov, F. Kamilov, I.V. Terekhova

“Improved biopharmaceutical properties of oral formulations of 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative with cyclodextrins: in vitro and in vivo evaluation”

ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng, 2018, 4(2), 491-501
DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.7b00887


The synthesized 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative displaying biological activity has low aqueous solubility and dissolution rate. Novel oral formulations of thiadiazole with β- and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins were obtained by grinding and freeze-drying methods with the purpose to improve the aqueous solubility. Complex formation of 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative with cyclodextrins was confirmed by means of solid-state 13C MAS CP/TOSS NMR. Solubility, dissolution rate and permeability of the solid inclusion complexes were evaluated in different biorelevant media (SGF, FaSSGF, FaSSIF) simulating the conditions in the gastrointestinal tract. It was demonstrated that the content of biorelevant media affects the properties of the inclusion complexes. In particular, solubilizing effect of cyclodextrins became less pronounced when the micelles of taurocholic acid and lecithin are formed in the dissolution media. The inclusion of thiadiazole into cyclodextrin cavity is in competition with its partitioning into the micelles and this should be taken into account when the in vivo behavior is predicted. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments were found to be in agreement and showed the highest solubility, dissolution rate and bioavailability of the freeze-dried complexes of thiadiazole with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin. These complexes can be proposed as more effective dosage forms for oral administration.

J. Phys. Chem. C, 2018, 1711-1720

E.Yu. Tupikina, M. Bodensteiner, P.M. Tolstoy, G.S. Denisov, I.G. Shenderovich

“P=O Moiety as an Ambidextrous Hydrogen Bond Acceptor”

J. Phys. Chem. C, 2018, 122(3), 1711-1720
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11299


Hydrogen bond patterns of crystals of phosphinic, phosphonic, and phosphoric acids and their cocrystals with phosphine oxides were studied using 31P NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Two main factors govern these patterns and favor or prevent the formation of cocrystals. The first one is a high proton-accepting ability of the P═O moiety in these acids. As a result, this moiety effectively competes with other proton acceptors for hydrogen bonding. For example, this moiety is a stronger proton acceptor than the C═O moiety of carboxylic acids. The second factor is the inclination of the P═O moiety of both the acids and the oxides to form two hydrogen bonds at once. The peculiarity of these bonds is that they weaken each other to a little degree only. In order to highlight this point, we are using the term “ambidextrous”. These two features should govern the interactions of P═O moiety with water and other proton donors and acceptors in molecular clusters, the active sites of enzymes, soft matter, and at surfaces.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 4901-4910

V.V. Mulloyarova, I.S. Giba, M.A. Kostin, G.S. Denisov, I.G. Shenderovich, P.M. Tolstoy

“Cyclic Trimers of Phosphinic Acids in Polar Aprotic Solvent: Symmetry, Chirality and H/D Isotope Effects on NMR Chemical Shifts”

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 4901-4910
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP08130H

The hydrogen-bonded self-associates of dimethylphosphinic (1), diphenylphosphoric (2), phenylphosphinic (3), and bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinic (4) acids have been studied by using liquid-state NMR down to 100 K in a low-freezing polar solvent, CDF3/CDClF2. The H/D isotope effects on 1H NMR chemical shifts caused by partial deuteration of hydroxyl groups unambiguously reveal the stoichiometry of the self-associates and the cooperativity of their hydrogen bonds. In all cases, cyclic trimers are the dominant form, while cyclic dimers are present as a minor form for 1 and 2. Due to the asymmetry of substituents, cyclic trimers of 3 exist in two isomeric forms, depending on the orientation of the phenyl groups with respect to the plane of the hydrogen bonds. The racemic mixture of 4 leads to the coexistence of up to 64 isomers of cyclic trimers, many of which are chemically equivalent or effectively isochronous. The mole fractions of such isomers deviate from the statistically expected values. This feature could provide information about the relative stabilization energies of hydrogen-bonded chiral self-associates. The complexation of 4 with SbCl5 (complex 5) suppresses the self-association and 5 exists exclusively in the monomeric form with chemically non-equivalent 31P nuclei in RS, SR and RR/SS forms