A. I. Solomatina, P.S. Chelushkin, D.V. Krupenya, I.S. Podkorytov∥, T.O. Artamonova, V.V. Sizov, A.S. Melnikov, V.V. Gurzhiy, E.I. Koshel, V.I. Shcheslavskiy, S.P. Tunik
“Coordination to Imidazole Ring Switches on Phosphorescence of Platinum Cyclometalated Complexes: The Route to Selective Labeling of Peptides and Proteins via Histidine Residues”
Bioconjugate Chem., 2017, 28 (2), 426–437.
In this study, we have shown that substitution of chloride ligand for imidazole (Im) ring in the cyclometalated platinum complex Pt(phpy)(PPh3)Cl (1; phpy, 2-phenylpyridine; PPh3, triphenylphosphine), which is nonemissive in solution, switches on phosphorescence of the resulting compound. Crystallographic and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic studies of the substitution product showed that the luminescence ignition is a result of Im coordination to give the [Pt(phpy)(Im)(PPh3)]Cl complex. The other imidazole-containing biomolecules, such as histidine and histidine-containing peptides and proteins, also trigger luminescence of the substitution products. The complex 1 proved to be highly selective toward the imidazole ring coordination that allows site-specific labeling of peptides and proteins with 1 using the route, which is orthogonal to the common bioconjugation schemes via lysine, aspartic and glutamic acids, or cysteine and does not require any preliminary modification of a biomolecule. The utility of this approach was demonstrated on (i) site-specific modification of the ubiquitin, a small protein that contains only one His residue in its sequence, and (ii) preparation of nonaggregated HSA-based Pt phosphorescent probe. The latter particles easily internalize into the live HeLa cells and display a high potential for live-cell phosphorescence lifetime imaging (PLIM) as well as for advanced correlation PLIM and FLIM experiments.