Archive for August 31, 2016

Chem. Commun., 2016, 52, 5565

D.M. Ivanov, A.S. Novikov, I.V. Ananyev, Y.V. Kirina, V.Yu. Kukushkin

“Halogen bonding between metal centers and halocarbons”

Chem. Commun., 2016, 52, 5565


Metal-involving halogen bonding was detected in a series of associates of CHI3 with trans-[PtX2(NCNAlk2)2] (X = Cl, Br). The HI2C–I⋯η1(Pt) halogen bonding and the bifurcated HI2C–I⋯η2(Pt–Cl) halogen bonding – the latter undergoes the thermally induced reversible HI2C–I⋯η2(Pt–Cl) ⇄ HI2C–I⋯η1(Pt) transformation – were observed and confirmed theoretically.

Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2016, 1480–1487

D.M. Ivanov, P.V. Gushchin, A.S. Novikov, M.S. Avdontceva, A.A. Zolotarev, G.L. Starova, Y.-T. Chen, S.-H. Liu, P.-T. Chou, V.Yu. Kukushkin

“Platinum(II)-Mediated Double Coupling of 2,3-Diphenylmaleimidine with Nitrile Functionalities To Give Annulated Pentaazanonatetraenate (PANT) Systems”

Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 2016, 1480–1487


Treatment of trans-[PtCl2(NCR)2] [R = Et 1, nPr 2, tBu 3, CH2Ph 4, Ph 5, p-CF3C6H4 6, NMe2 7, NEt2 8, N(CH2)5 9] with 2.5 equiv. of 2,3-diphenylmaleimidine in CH2Cl2 at room temperature for 5 min [for R = p-CF3C6H4 6, NMe2 7, NEt2 8, N(CH2)5 9] or 14 h (for R = Et 1, nPr 2, tBu 3, CH2Ph 4, Ph 5) furnishes (1,3,5,7,9-pentaazanona-1,3,6,8-tetraenato) platinum(II) [(PANT)PtII; PtCl{HN=C(R)N=CN[C(Ph)=C(Ph)]C=NC(R)=NH}] complexes 10–18. These species are formed by platinum(II)-mediated double coupling of 2,3-diphenylmaleimidine with both nitrile ligands. The formulation of the complexes was supported by satisfactory C, H, and N elemental analyses, which were in agreement with HRESI-MS, IR, and 1H and 13C{1H} NMR spectra. The structures of 10, 11·1/8nC6H14, 15, 16·CCl4, and 17·CHCl3 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Absorption and emission studies were performed on representative complexes 10, 15, and 18, and the results show weak phosphorescence maxima at around 730–750 and 770–820 nm in CH2Cl2 and in the solid state, respectively. Further insight into the photophysical properties was gained by time-dependent density functional theory (TD–DFT) with detailed analysis of the corresponding frontier molecular orbitals for the lower-lying transition. The calculated energies of the T1 state (in terms of wavelength) are 715.8 nm for 10, 764.6 nm for 15, and 697.7 nm for 18, and these values are in good agreement with the trend of the first vibronic peaks of their phosphorescence spectra.

Journal of Power Sources, 2016, 304, 102-110

M.A. Smirnov, M.P. Sokolova, N.V. Bobrova, I.A. Kasatkin, E. Lahderanta, G.K. Elyashevich

“Capacitance properties and structure of electroconducting hydrogels based on copoly(aniline e p-phenylenediamine) and polyacrylamide”

Journal of Power Sources, 2016, 304, 102-110


Electroconducting hydrogels (EH) based on copoly(aniline – p-phenylenediamine) grafted to the polyacrylamide for the application as pseudo-supercapacitor’s electrodes have been prepared. The influence of preparation conditions on the structure and capacitance properties of the systems were investigated: we determined the optimal amount of p-phenylenediamine to obtain the network of swollen interconnected nanofibrils inside the hydrogel which provides the formation of continuous conducting phase. Structure and morphology of the prepared samples were investigated with UVeVIS spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The maximal value of capacitance was 364 F g-1 at 0.2 A g-1. It was shown that the EH samples demonstrate the retention of 50% of their capacity at high current density 16 A g-1. Cycle-life measurements show evidence that capacitance of EH electrodes after 1000 cycles is higher than its initial value for all prepared samples. Changes of the copolymer structure during swelling in water have been studied with WAXD.

ACS Catal., 2016, 6, 3637−3643

Y.S. Panova, A.S. Kashin, M.G. Vorobev, E.S. Degtyareva, V.P. Ananikov

“Nature of the Copper-Oxide-Mediated C−S Cross-Coupling Reaction: Leaching of Catalytically Active Species from the Metal Oxide Surface”

ACS Catal., 2016, 6, 3637−3643


Copper-oxide-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction is a well-known strategy in heterogeneous catalysis. A large number of applications have been developed, and catalytic cycles have been proposed based on the involvement of the copper oxide surface. In the present work, we have demonstrated that copper(I) and copper(II) oxides served as precursors in the coupling reaction between thiols and aryl halides, while catalytically active species were formed upon unusual leaching from the oxide surface. A powerful cryo-SEM technique has been utilized to characterize the solution-state catalytic system by electron microscopy. A series of different experimental methods were used to reveal the key role of copper thiolate intermediates in the studied catalytic reaction. The present study shows an example of leaching from a metal oxide surface, where the leaching process involved the formation of a metal thiolate and the release of water. A new synthetic approach was developed, and many functionalized sulfides were synthesized with yields of up to 96%, using the copper thiolate catalyst. The study suggests that metal oxides may not act as an innocent material under reaction conditions; rather, they may represent a source of reactive species for solution-state homogeneous catalysis.


Total in July 1187 service applications were carried out.
All together measured:

  • 1128 1H spectra
  • 232 13C spectra
  • 108 DEPT spectra
  • 10 COSY spectra
  • 10 NOESY spectra
  • 51 31P spectra
  • 19 19F spectra

165 applications were carried out.


picture sourse:

Functional MRI (fMRI) is 25 years old, yet surprisingly its most common statistical methods has not been properly validated. A recent study published in PNAS has found that that the most common software packages for fMRI analysis can result in false-positive rates of up to 70% instead of expected 5%. These results question the validity of some 40,000 fMRI studies and may have a large impact on the interpretation of neuroimaging results.