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Archive for a.grevtsev

Colloids and Surfaces A, 2018, 538, 45–55

A.S. Konevaa, E. Ritter, Y.A. Anufrikova, A.A. Lezova, A.O. Klestovaa, N.A. Smirnova, E.A. Safonova, I. Smirnova

“Mixed aqueous solutions of nonionic surfactants Brij 35/Triton X-100: Micellar properties, solutes’ partitioning from micellar liquid chromatography and modelling with COSMOmic”

Colloids and Surfaces A, 2018, 538, 45–55.
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.10.044

source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927775717309433?via%3Dihub

Aqueous solutions of nonionic surfactants are of interest for bioprocesses, particularly as solubilizing agents for hydrophobic substances. To design such processes, the data on partition coefficients of solutes between micelles and their aqueous surrounding (Pmw) are of high value. An extended understanding of the partition behavior can be achieved from the structural information such as the micelle size and micelles composition.
In this work, mixtures of nonionic surfactants Triton X-100 and Brij 35 were under study. The data on critical micelle concentrations showed partly non-ideal behavior of the solutions. The compositions of mixed micelles at different molar Brij 35/Triton X-100 ratios in the surfactant mixture were estimated from the data on selfdiffusion coefficients (NMR diffusometry) and were calculated within the regular solution approach and predicted by Motomura’s model. The change of the mixed micelle composition in dependence on the total surfactant concentration was observed. It has been found, that the average value of the mixed micelles radii is∼4 nm. Whereas, the polydispersity indexes and the aggregation numbers increased with Triton X-100 fraction. Moreover, the Pmw values of different non-dissociated solutes (phenyl derivatives with various functional groups) were determined by means of micellar liquid chromatography (MLC) and were predicted using the thermodynamic model COSMOmic, an extension of COSMO-RS. In general, it has been proved that COSMOmic is able to predict Pmw in the mixed micellar system formed by nonionic surfactants. The obtained data show the possibility of modulating the partition behavior of solutes using the mixtures of nonionic surfactants. Apart from the hydrophobicity, the «surfactants – solute» specific interactions play an important role in the partition behavior of the investigated systems.

Tetrahedron, 2017, 73(31), 4663-4670

P.A. Sakharov, N.V. Rostovskii, A.F. Khlebnikov, M.S. Novikov

“Annulation of five-membered cyclic enols with 3-aryl-2H-azirines: Catalytic versus non-catalytic cycloaddition”

Tetrahedron, 2017, 73(31), 4663-4670.
DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2017.06.037

source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040402017306701?via%3Dihub

A copper(I)-NHC-catalyzed annulation of 5-membered cyclic enols of furan, thiophene and indene family with 3-aryl-2H-azirines has been developed to provide a rapid access to furo[3,4-b]pyrrole, thieno[3,4-b]pyrrole, indeno[1,2-b]pyrrole derivatives. The reaction proceeds via a copper-initiated N-C2 azirine bond cleavage with the retention of the C=N double bond in the annulation product. The reaction of tetronic acids with 3-aryl-2H-azirines can also proceed under catalyst-free conditions, through a double addition of the enol to the azirine, but this route provides poor yields of the annulation products. This is the first example of the N-C2 bond cleavage in 2-unsubstituted 2H-azirines in the absence of a transition metal catalyst.

Мандарины и ЯМР

Одним из непременных атрибутов праздников являются мандарины. Можно ли увидеть разницу между двумя произвольно взятыми фруктами на ЯМР спектрах. Мы взяли два образца и, сперва, сравнили их вкусовые качества по 10 бальной шкале в коллективе наших сотрудников. Образец “2” набрал 6.9, образец “1” – 5.8 баллов. Образец “2” по отзывам обладает легким кислым вкусом, достаточно сладкий, приятный. Образец “1” получил менее низкую оценку и характеристику сладкий, слегка “водянистый”, “возможно перезрел”.
Из каждого испытуемого путем отжима долек и фильтрации мы получили образцы для измерения спектров в растворе D2O.
Как и следует ожидать, на 1H спектрах ЯМР  мы видим область сигналов, характерных для глюкозы, фруктозы, сахарозы. Кислый привкус в мандаринах в основном обусловлен лимонной кислотой, однако, могут присутствовать в незначительных количествах яблочная, хинная, аскорбиновая, различные аминокислоты. Для образца “2” наблюдается большее (относительно сахаров) содержание лимонной кислоты, что, вероятно, вызывает слегка кислый вкус по сравнению с образцом “1”. Несмотря на сладкий вкус, образец “1” получил низкую оценку в связи тем, что испытующие сочли его слегка перезревшим, и действительно, на спектре 1H образца “1” мы видим значительное количество этанола. Таким образом, даже не пробуя мандарин, посмотрев на протонные ЯМР спектры можно предварительно предположить свеж ли фрукт и насколько он кислый или сладкий.

Land Degrad Dev., 2017, 1–10

E. Abakumov, E. Maksimova, A. Tsibart

“Assessment of postfire soils degradation dynamics: Stability and molecular composition of humic acids with use of spectroscopy methods”

Land Degrad Dev., 2017, 1–10.
DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2872

source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ldr.2872/full

The effect of wildfires on the soils of the south taiga and forest-steppe environments of Central Russia (Histic Spodosols and Eutric Fluvic Arenosols) was investigated in terms of the content and quality of humic acids (HAs) using instrumental spectroscopic methods (solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance and electron spin resonance). The bulk elemental composition of HAs was not essentially altered in postfire soils; however, the organic matter of fire-affected superficial soil layers was characterized by changes in the structural composition and biochemical activity levels. Solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed that there is an intensive increase in aromatic compounds in HA molecules in soil from both the south taiga and forest-steppe environments. There is a pronounced and statistically significant decline of aliphatic chain content in response to exposure to fire. The free radicals content and the degree of molecular stabilization assessed with electron spin resonance showed an essential alteration of the HAs, expressed in the increase in the radical’s portion, in postfire soils compared with that found in soils not exposed to fire. It was also shown that the accumulation of aromatic compounds indicates only apparent stabilization of HAs due to the loss of periphery alkylic carbon species, which was confirmed by destabilization of the molecules as illustrated by the increase of free radicals.

Декабрь 2017

В Декабре выполнено 2367 заявок на сервисные измерения.

Измерено:

  • 2160 спектр 1H
  • 371 спектра 13C
  • 96 спектров DEPT
  • 68 спектров COSY
  • 17 спектра NOESY
  • 78 спектра 31Р
  • 127 спектров 19F

Выполнено 228 заявок на исследовательскую работу.

NewJ.Chem., 2017, 41, 6840

D.S. Bolotin, M.Ya. Demakova, A.A. Legin, V.V. Suslonov, A.A. Nazarov, M.A. Jakupec, B.K. Kepplerb, V.Yu. Kukushkin

“Amidoxime platinum(II) complexes: pH-dependent highly selective generation and cytotoxic activity”

NewJ.Chem., 2017, 41, 6840
DOI: 10.1039/c7nj00982h

source: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2017/NJ/C7NJ00982H#!divAbstract

The reaction of cis-[PtCl2(Me2[S with combining low line]O)2] with 1 equiv. of each of the amidoximes RC(NH2)[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH in neutral media in MeOH results in the formation of complexes cis-[PtCl2{RC(NH2)[double bond, length as m-dash][N with combining low line]OH}(Me2[S with combining low line]O)] (5 examples; 83–98% isolated yields). In the presence of 2 equiv. of NaOH in MeOH solution, the reaction of cis-[PtCl2(Me2[S with combining low line]O)2] with 1 equiv. of each of the amidoximes RC(NH2)[double bond, length as m-dash]NOH leads to [Pt{RC([N with combining low line]H)[double bond, length as m-dash]N[O with combining low line]}(Me2[S with combining low line]O)2] (7 examples; 74–95% isolated yields). All new complexes were characterized by C, H, and N elemental analyses, HRESI+-MS, IR, 1H, 13C{1H}, and CP-MAS TOSS 13C{1H} NMR spectroscopies, and additionally by single-crystal XRD (for seven species). The cytotoxic potency of six compounds was determined in the human cancer cell lines CH1/PA-1, A549, SK-BR-3, and SW480. Generally, the second class of complexes containing chelating amidoximato ligands shows much higher cytotoxicity than the non-chelate amidoxime analogs, despite the lack of easily exchangeable chlorido ligands. Especially, the complex [Pt(p-CF3C6H4C([N with combining low line]H)[double bond, length as m-dash]N[O with combining low line])(Me2[S with combining low line]O)2] displays a remarkable activity in the inherently cisplatin resistant SW480 cell line (0.51 μM vs. 3.3 μM).

Organometallics, 2017, 36, 3974–3980

M. A. Kinzhalov , A. S. Legkodukh, T. B. Anisimova, A. S. Novikov, V. V. Suslonov, K. V. Luzyanin , V. Yu. Kukushkin

“Tetrazol-5-ylidene Gold(III) Complexes frоm Sequential [2 + 3] Cycloaddition of Azide to Metal-Bound Isocyanides and N4 Alkylation”

Organometallics, 2017, 36, 3974–3980
DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00591

source: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00591

The reaction between equimolar amounts of the isocyanide complexes [AuCl3(CNR)] [R = 2,6-Me2C6H3 (Xyl), 1a; 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (Mes), 1b; Cy, 1c; t-Bu, 1d] and tetrabutylammonium azide (2) proceeds in CH2Cl2 at room temperature for ∼10 min to furnish the gold(III) tetrazolates [n-Bu4N][AuCl3(CN4R)] (3a–d), which were obtained in 89–95% yields after purification. Subsequent reaction between equimolar amounts of 3a–d and methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (MeOTf) proceeds in CH2Cl2 at −70 °C for ∼30 min to give the corresponding gold(III) complexes [AuCl3(CaN(Me)N2NbR)]a–b (5a–d) bearing 1,4-disubstituted tetrazol-5-ylidene ligands (69–75%). Complexes 3a–d were obtained as pale-yellow solids and characterized by elemental analyses (C, H, N), HRESI–-MS, FTIR, and 1H and 13C{1H} NMR spectroscopies. Complexes 5a–d were obtained as colorless solids and characterized by elemental analyses (C, H, N), HRESI+-MS, and 1D (1H and 13C{1H}) and 2D (1H,13C-HMBC) NMR spectroscopies. In addition, the structures of 3a, 3b, 3c, and 5a were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Analysis of the Wiberg bond indices (WI) for gas phase-optimized model structures of 3a–c and 5a computed using the natural bond orbital (NBO) partitioning scheme disclosed a higher degree of electron density delocalization in the CN4 moiety of carbene 5a when compared to tetrazolate 3a–c. Results of DFT calculations for a model system reveal that the mechanism for the cycloaddition of an azide to the isocyanide ligand in [AuCl3(CNMe)] is stepwise and involves nucleophilic attack of N3– on the N atom of CNMe followed by ring closure. The addition is both kinetically and thermodynamically favorable and occurs via the formation of an acyclic NNNCN intermediate, whereas the cyclization is the rate-determining step.

Ноябрь

В Ноябре выполнено 2286 заявок на сервисные измерения.

Измерено:

  • 2169 спектр 1H
  • 374 спектра 13C
  • 119 спектров DEPT
  • 53 спектров COSY
  • 15 спектра NOESY
  • 54 спектра 31Р
  • 168 спектров 19F

Выполнено 231 заявок на исследовательскую работу.

J. Org. Chem., 2017, 82, 959–975

A.S. Filatov, N.A. Knyazev, A.P. Molchanov, T.L. Panikorovsky, R.R. Kostikov, A.G. Larina, V.M. Boitsov, A.V. Stepakov

“Synthesis of Functionalized 3-Spiro[cyclopropa[a]pyrrolizine]- and 3-Spiro[3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane]oxindoles from Cyclopropenes and Azomethine Ylides via [3 + 2]-Cycloaddition”

J. Org. Chem., 2017, 82 (2), 959–975
DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.6b02505

source: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.joc.6b02505

3-Spiro [cyclopropa [a]pyrrolizine]- and 3-spiro [3-azabicyclo [3.1.0] hexane] oxindoles were prepared in moderate to high yields via one-pot three-component reactions using substituted isatins, α-amino acids, and cyclopropenes. The key step is an intramolecular [3 + 2]-cycloaddition reaction of an in situ generated azomethine ylide onto a cyclopropene. Both N-substituted and N-unsubstituted α-amino acids, dipeptide Gly-Gly, and also benzylamine were used as the amine component for the azomethine ylide generation. The anticancer activity of some of the obtained compounds against human leukemia K562 cell line was evaluated by flow cytometry in vitro.

Экскурсия


Михаил Вовк проводит экскурсию-лекцию о магнитно-резонансных методах исследования и возможностях реализуемых на современном оборудовании для подростающего поколения физиков.