Archive for 28.08.2017

Appl. Magn. Reson., 2017, 48(7), 731-737

D.S. Mazing, A.V. Nikiforova, A.S. Osinin, V.A. Moshnikov, Yu.V. Bogachev, S.M. Sukharzhevskii

“Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Investigations of ZnSe:Mn Nanocrystals”

Appl. Magn. Reson., 2017, 48(7), 731-737
DOI: 10.1007/s00723-017-0898-5

Colloidal nanocrystals of ZnSe doped with Mn2+ were synthesized in non-polar medium using hot-injection technique. Obtained samples were characterized by means of photoluminescence and absorption spectroscopies. To confirm the incorporation of Mn2+ impurity and to reveal its state and localization, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed. As a result, EPR spectra were analyzed and hyperfine splitting constant and g-factor for Mn2+ dopant were determined.

Взгляд из прошлого на «600 МГц»

Фантастический винтажный рекламный плакат сверхпроводящего магнита «600 МГц».

J Therm Anal Calorim, 2017

M. Brusnikina, O. Silyukov, M. Chislov, T. Volkova, A. Proshin, A. Mazur, P. Tolstoy, I. Terekhova

“Effect of cyclodextrin complexation on solubility of novel anti-Alzheimer 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative”

J Therm Anal Calorim, 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s10973-017-6252-1

источник: https://link.springer.com/journal/10973

New 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative displaying neuroprotective potential and high activity in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease has been synthesized. The objective of this study was to improve the aqueous solubility of this drug-like compound by means of complex formation with native and hydroxypropylated β-cyclodextrins. To this end, aqueous solubility of 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative was investigated in the presence of β-cyclodextrins. It was shown that the phase solubility diagrams are of Bs type demonstrating the initial increase in thiadiazole solubility in solutions of cyclodextrins (concentration up to 0.01 mol kg−1) followed by a solubility decrease due to the precipitation of the complexes formed. In comparison with β-cyclodextrin, hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin displays more pronounced solubilizing action since it forms more stable complexes with thiadiazole. Solid complexes of 1,2,4-thiadiazole derivative with β-cyclodextrins were prepared by grinding and freeze-drying methods. DSC, TG, hot-stage microscopy, solid-state 13C MAS CP/TOSS NMR, powder X-ray diffractometry and FTIR spectroscopy were used to prove the existence of complexes in the solid state. Solubility of the obtained formulations was also examined. It was found that complexes of thiadiazole with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin exhibited higher solubility in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) compared with pure thiadiazole and its complexes with β-cyclodextrin.

Czech Polar Reports, 2017, 7, 1-10

E. Abakumov

“Characterisation of humic acids, isolated from selected subantarctic soils by 13C-NMR spectroscopy”

Czech Polar Reports, 2017, 7(1), 1-10
DOI: 10.5817/CPR2017-1-1

Soils of Antarctic considered as underestimated in terms of soils organic matter polls, organic remnants humification/mineralization rates and biogenic-abiogenic interactions. Humic acids of selected Sub Antarctic soils were investigated in terms of elemental and structural composition with special reference to evaluation of organic matter stabilisation degree and assessment of carbon species distributions in the molecules with use of solid state 13C-NMR spectroscopy. It was shown, that the prevailing of aliphatic compounds on the aromatic one is more pronounced in Antarctic soils than in Arctic ones. Average portion of the aromatic compounds is about 20% in humic acids, extracted from soils with evident ornitogenic effect from Fildes Peninsula (Norh-West Antarctic peninsula). This indicates that the role of humification precursors composition is the leading in the humification process. The stabilisation rate of the Antarctic HAs can be assessed as low and the potential risk of biodegradation of their molecules are high.