Tetrahedron, 2017, 73, 3939-3948

A.N. Shestakov, A.S. Pankova, P.Golubev, A.F. Khlebnikov, M.A. Kuznetsov

“Brønsted acid mediated cyclizations of ortho-aryl(ethynyl)pyrimidines”

Tetrahedron, 2017, 73, 3939-3948
источник: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040402017305719

A high-yielding procedure for the synthesis of 5-aryl-4-(arylethynyl)pyrimidines from easily available 2-aryl-3-hydroxyacrylates is reported. These pyrimidines readily undergo cyclization in strong Brønsted acids and, depending on the substitution in alkynylpyrimidines and the water content of the reaction mixture, yield either benzo[f]quinazolines or derivatives of spiro[cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,5′-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidin]-4-one. In most cases the cyclization proceeds nearly quantitatively. DFT calculations support the proposed mechanisms induced by the protonation of the triple bond in 5-aryl-4-(arylethynyl)pyrimidines. Fluorescent properties of the obtained heterocycles are also described.


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